Ranking mundial da participação feminina no Parlamento

O Brasil fica atrás dos principais países desenvolvidos, com exceção do Japão, e é superado pela grande maioria das nações do chamado Terceiro Mundo

Levantamento atualizado em maio pela União Interparlamentar (UIP) coloca o Brasil na 129a posição mundial em termos de participação política feminina. O estudo toma por base a presença de mulheres parlamentares na principal casa legislativa de cada nação. A lista traz os dados referentes a 189 países.

Atualmente, as mulheres brasileiras ocupam apenas 44 das 513 cadeiras existentes na Câmara dos Deputados.

Veja abaixo o quadro completo da UIP:

Posição País --- Câmara baixa ou única ---------- --- Senado ou Câmara alta --------------
Eleitos Vagas* Mulheres % Eleitos Vagas* Mulheres %
1 Ruanda 9 2013 80 51 63.8% 9 2011 26 10 38.5%
2 Andorra 4 2011 28 14 50.0% --- --- --- ---
3 Cuba 2 2013 612 299 48.9% --- --- --- ---
4 Suécia 9 2010 349 157 45.0% --- --- --- ---
5 África do Sul 4 2009 400 179 44.8% 4 2009 53 18 34.0%
6 Seicheles 9 2011 32 14 43.8% --- --- --- ---
7 Senegal 7 2012 150 65 43.3% --- --- --- ---
8 Finlândia 4 2011 200 85 42.5% --- --- --- ---
9 Nicarágua 11 2011 92 39 42.4% --- --- --- ---
10 Equador 2 2013 137 57 41.6% --- --- --- ---
11 Bélgica 6 2010 150 62 41.3% 6 2010 71 28 39.4%
12 Islândia 4 2013 63 25 39.7% --- --- --- ---
" Espanha 11 2011 350 139 39.7% 11 2011 266 89 33.5%
13 Noruega 9 2013 169 67 39.6% --- --- --- ---
14 Moçambique 10 2009 250 98 39.2% --- --- --- ---
15 Dinamarca 9 2011 179 70 39.1% --- --- --- ---
16 Holanda 9 2012 150 58 38.7% 5 2011 75 27 36.0%
17 Timor-Leste 7 2012 65 25 38.5% --- --- --- ---
18 México 7 2012 500 187 37.4% 7 2012 128 44 34.4%
19 Angola 8 2012 220 81 36.8% --- --- --- ---
20 Argentina 10 2013 257 94 36.6% 10 2013 72 28 38.9%
21 Alemanha 9 2013 631 230 36.5% N.A. 69 19 27.5%
22 Tanzânia 10 2010 350 126 36.0% --- --- --- ---
23 Uganda 2 2011 386 135 35.0% --- --- --- ---
24 Sérvia 3 2014 250 85 34.0% --- --- --- ---
25 Nova Zelândia 11 2011 121 41 33.9% --- --- --- ---
26 Costa Rica 2 2014 57 19 33.3% --- --- --- ---
" Grenada 2 2013 15 5 33.3% 3 2013 13 2 15.4%
" Eslovênia 12 2011 90 30 33.3% 11 2012 40 3 7.5%
27 Macedônia 4 2014 123 40 32.5% --- --- --- ---
28 Áustria 9 2013 183 59 32.2% N.A. 62 18 29.0%
29 Argélia 5 2012 462 146 31.6% 12 2012 144 10 6.9%
30 Zimbabwe 7 2013 270 85 31.5% 7 2013 80 38 47.5%
31 Itália 2 2013 630 198 31.4% 2 2013 317 92 29.0%
32 Guiana 11 2011 67 21 31.3% --- --- --- ---
" Portugal 6 2011 230 72 31.3% --- --- --- ---
33 Camarões 9 2013 180 56 31.1% 4 2013 100 20 20.0%
34 Suíça 10 2011 200 62 31.0% 10 2011 46 9 19.6%
35 Burundi 7 2010 105 32 30.5% 7 2010 41 19 46.3%
36 Nepal 11 2013 575 172 29.9% --- --- --- ---
37 Trinidad e Tobago 5 2010 42 12 28.6% 6 2010 31 6 19.4%
38 Luxemburgo 10 2013 60 17 28.3% --- --- --- ---
39 Tunísia 10 2011 217 61 28.1% --- --- --- ---
40 Etiópia 5 2010 547 152 27.8% 5 2010 135 22 16.3%
41 Afeganistão 9 2010 249 69 27.7% 1 2011 102 28 27.5%
42 El Salvador 3 2012 84 23 27.4% --- --- --- ---
43 Filipinas 5 2013 289 79 27.3% 5 2013 24 6 25.0%
44 Lesoto 5 2012 120 32 26.7% 6 2012 33 9 27.3%
45 Bielorrússia 9 2012 109 29 26.6% 8 2012 57 20 35.1%
46 Sudão do Sul 8 2011 332 88 26.5% 8 2011 50 5 10.0%
47 Turquemenistão 12 2013 125 33 26.4% --- --- --- ---
48 França 6 2012 577 151 26.2% 9 2011 347 78 22.5%
49 Austrália 9 2013 150 39 26.0% 9 2013 75 31 41.3%
50 Honduras 11 2013 128 33 25.8% --- --- --- ---
51 Namíbia 11 2009 78 20 25.6% 11 2010 26 7 26.9%
52 Bolívia 12 2009 130 33 25.4% 12 2009 36 17 47.2%
53 Iraque 4 2014 328 83 25.3% --- --- --- ---
" Singapura 5 2011 99 25 25.3% --- --- --- ---
54 Cazaquistão 1 2012 115 29 25.2% 8 2011 47 3 6.4%
" Mauritânia 11 2013 147 37 25.2% 11 2009 56 8 14.3%
55 Canadá 5 2011 307 77 25.1% N.A. 96 38 39.6%
56 Laos 4 2011 132 33 25.0% --- --- --- ---
" Letônia 9 2011 100 25 25.0% --- --- --- ---
57 Bulgária 5 2013 240 59 24.6% --- --- --- ---
58 Polônia 10 2011 460 112 24.3% 10 2011 100 13 13.0%
" Sudão 4 2010 354 86 24.3% 5 2010 29 5 17.2%
" Vietnã 5 2011 498 121 24.3% --- --- --- ---
59 Lituânia 10 2012 141 34 24.1% --- --- --- ---
60 Guiné Equatorial 5 2013 100 24 24.0% 5 2013 75 8 10.7%
61 Croácia 12 2011 151 36 23.8% --- --- --- ---
62 China 3 2013 2987 699 23.4% --- --- --- ---
63 Quirguistão 10 2010 120 28 23.3% --- --- --- ---
64 Madagascar 12 2013 147 34 23.1% --- --- --- ---
65 Reino Unido 5 2010 650 147 22.6% N.A. 779 182 23.4%
66 Israel 1 2013 120 27 22.5% --- --- --- ---
67 Malawi 5 2009 193 43 22.3% --- --- --- ---
" Peru 4 2011 130 29 22.3% --- --- --- ---
68 Eritrea 2 1994 150 33 22.0% --- --- --- ---
" Uzbequistão 12 2009 150 33 22.0% 1 2010 100 15 15.0%
69 Guiné 9 2013 114 25 21.9% --- --- --- ---
70 Bósnia e Herzegovina 10 2010 42 9 21.4% 6 2011 15 2 13.3%
71 Grécia 6 2012 300 63 21.0% --- --- --- ---
72 Cabo Verde 2 2011 72 15 20.8% --- --- --- ---
" República Dominicana 5 2010 183 38 20.8% 5 2010 32 3 9.4%
" Mônaco 2 2013 24 5 20.8% --- --- --- ---
73 Paquistão 5 2013 323 67 20.7% 3 2012 104 17 16.3%
74 Cambodja 7 2013 123 25 20.3% 1 2012 61 9 14.8%
75 Albânia 6 2013 140 28 20.0% --- --- --- ---
" Liechtenstein 2 2013 25 5 20.0% --- --- --- ---
76 Arábia Saudita 1 2013 151 30 19.9% --- --- --- ---
77 Bangladesh 1 2014 348 69 19.8% --- --- --- ---
78 República Tcheca 10 2013 200 39 19.5% 10 2012 81 14 17.3%
79 Quênia 3 2013 350 67 19.1% 3 2013 68 18 26.5%
80 Estônia 3 2011 100 19 19.0% --- --- --- ---
81 Burkina Faso 12 2012 127 24 18.9% --- --- --- ---
82 Maurício 5 2010 69 13 18.8% --- --- --- ---
" Moldávia 11 2010 101 19 18.8% --- --- --- ---
83 Eslováquia 3 2012 150 28 18.7% --- --- --- ---
84 San Marino 11 2012 60 11 18.3% --- --- --- ---
" Estados Unidos 11 2012 432 79 18.3% 11 2012 100 20 20.0%
85 São Tomé e Príncipe 8 2010 55 10 18.2% --- --- --- ---
86 Togo 7 2013 91 16 17.6% --- --- --- ---
87 Emirados Árabes 9 2011 40 7 17.5% --- --- --- ---
88 Marrocos 11 2011 395 67 17.0% 10 2009 270 6 2.2%
" Venezuela 9 2010 165 28 17.0% --- --- --- ---
89 Indonésia 4 2014 560 94 16.8% --- --- --- ---
90 Barbados 2 2013 30 5 16.7% 3 2013 21 6 28.6%
" Santa Lúcia 11 2011 18 3 16.7% 1 2012 11 2 18.2%
91 Líbia 7 2012 200 33 16.5% --- --- --- ---
92 Coreia do Norte 3 2014 687 112 16.3% --- --- --- ---
93 Tajiquistão 2 2010 63 10 15.9% 3 2010 34 4 11.8%
94 Chile 11 2013 120 19 15.8% 11 2013 38 7 18.4%
95 Irlanda 2 2011 166 26 15.7% 4 2011 60 19 31.7%
" Coreia do Sul 4 2012 300 47 15.7% --- --- --- ---
96 Azerbaijão 11 2010 122 19 15.6% --- --- --- ---
97 Gabão 12 2011 120 18 15.0% 1 2009 102 17 16.7%
" Paraguai 4 2013 80 12 15.0% 4 2013 45 9 20.0%
98 Chad 2 2011 188 28 14.9% --- --- --- ---
" Mongólia 6 2012 74 11 14.9% --- --- --- ---
99 Montenegro 10 2012 81 12 14.8% --- --- --- ---
100 Turquia 6 2011 548 79 14.4% --- --- --- ---
101 Malta 3 2013 70 10 14.3% --- --- --- ---
102 Somália 8 2012 275 38 13.8% --- --- --- ---
103 Guiné-Bissau 4 2014 102 14 13.7% --- --- --- ---
104 Rússia 12 2011 450 61 13.6% N.A. 163 13 8.0%
105 Romênia 12 2012 407 55 13.5% 12 2012 176 13 7.4%
106 Guatemala 9 2011 158 21 13.3% --- --- --- ---
" Níger 1 2011 113 15 13.3% --- --- --- ---
107 Bahamas 5 2012 38 5 13.2% 5 2012 16 4 25.0%
108 Uruguai 10 2009 99 13 13.1% 10 2009 31 2 6.5%
109 São Vicente e Granadinas 12 2010 23 3 13.0% --- --- --- ---
110 Dominica 12 2009 31 4 12.9% --- --- --- ---
111 Djibouti 2 2013 55 7 12.7% --- --- --- ---
" Jamaica 12 2011 63 8 12.7% 9 2007 21 6 28.6%
112 Chipre 5 2011 56 7 12.5% --- --- --- ---
113 Serra Leoa 11 2012 124 15 12.1% --- --- --- ---
114 Geórgia 10 2012 150 18 12.0% --- --- --- ---
" Jordânia 1 2013 150 18 12.0% 10 2013 75 9 12.0%
" Síria 5 2012 250 30 12.0% --- --- --- ---
115 Suriname 5 2010 51 6 11.8% --- --- --- ---
116 Índia 4 2014 543 62 11.4% 2 2014 243 29 11.9%
117 Libéria 10 2011 73 8 11.0% 10 2011 30 4 13.3%
118 Gana 12 2012 275 30 10.9% --- --- --- ---
119 Zâmbia 9 2011 158 17 10.8% --- --- --- ---
120 Armênia 5 2012 131 14 10.7% --- --- --- ---
121 República do Congo 11 2011 498 53 10.6% 1 2007 108 6 5.6%
122 Antígua e Barbuda 3 2009 19 2 10.5% 4 2009 17 5 29.4%
123 Malásia 5 2013 222 23 10.4% N.A. 59 17 28.8%
124 Bahrein 10 2010 40 4 10.0% 11 2010 40 11 27.5%
125 Ucrânia 10 2012 442 43 9.7% --- --- --- ---
126 Botswana 10 2009 63 6 9.5% --- --- --- ---
" Hungria 4 2014 199 19 9.5% --- --- --- ---
" Mali 11 2013 147 14 9.5% --- --- --- ---
127 Costa do Marfim 12 2011 254 24 9.4% --- --- --- ---
" Gâmbia 3 2012 53 5 9.4% --- --- --- ---
128 Kiribati 10 2011 46 4 8.7% --- --- --- ---
129 Brasil 10 2010 513 44 8.6% 10 2010 81 13 16.0%
130 Butão 7 2013 47 4 8.5% 4 2013 25 2 8.0%
" Panamá 5 2009 71 6 8.5% --- --- --- ---
131 Benin 4 2011 83 7 8.4% --- --- --- ---
132 Japão 12 2012 480 39 8.1% 7 2013 242 39 16.1%
133 Congo 7 2012 136 10 7.4% 10 2011 72 10 13.9%
134 Nigéria 4 2011 360 24 6.7% 4 2011 109 7 6.4%
" São Cristóvão e Nevis 1 2010 15 1 6.7% --- --- --- ---
" Tuvalu 9 2010 15 1 6.7% --- --- --- ---
135 Suazilândia 9 2013 65 4 6.2% 10 2013 30 10 33.3%
136 Maldivas 3 2014 85 5 5.9% --- --- --- ---
137 Sri Lanka 4 2010 225 13 5.8% --- --- --- ---
138 Myanmar 11 2010 429 24 5.6% 11 2010 224 4 1.8%
139 Nauru 6 2013 19 1 5.3% --- --- --- ---
140 Haiti 11 2010 95 4 4.2% 11 2010 20 0 0.0%
141 Samoa 3 2011 49 2 4.1% --- --- --- ---
142 Tonga 11 2010 28 1 3.6% --- --- --- ---
143 Belize 3 2012 32 1 3.1% 3 2012 13 5 38.5%
" Irã 5 2012 290 9 3.1% --- --- --- ---
" Kuwait 7 2013 65 2 3.1% --- --- --- ---
" Líbano 6 2009 128 4 3.1% --- --- --- ---
144 Comoros 12 2009 33 1 3.0% --- --- --- ---
" Ilhas Marshall 11 2011 33 1 3.0% --- --- --- ---
145 Papua Nova Guiné 6 2012 111 3 2.7% --- --- --- ---
146 Ilha Solomon 8 2010 50 1 2.0% --- --- --- ---
147 Omã 10 2011 84 1 1.2% 10 2011 83 15 18.1%
148 Iêmen 4 2003 301 1 0.3% 4 2001 111 2 1.8%
149 Micronésia 3 2013 14 0 0.0% --- --- --- ---
" Palau 11 2012 16 0 0.0% 11 2012 13 3 23.1%
" Catar 7 2013 35 0 0.0% --- --- --- ---
" Vanuatu 10 2012 52 0 0.0% --- --- --- ---
** Colômbia 3 2014 165 ? ? 3 2014 100 ? ?
** Tailândia 2 2014 ? ? 3 2014 150 25 16.7%

* Corresponde ao número de assentos atualmente preenchidos no Parlamento.

** Os dados disponíveis foram insuficientes para determinar a colocação no ranking.

 

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